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Lina Bo Bardi

Lina Bo Bardi (1914-1992) was an Italian-Brazilian modernist architect. She was born on the 5th December 1914 in Rome. She was fond of art from a young age. She designed houses, wrote articles, created sets for movies and furniture. Lina lived a long life and left a bright mark not only in the architectural world, but also in the field of art. All of her projects carry a powerful social connotation and are vivid examples of modernist architecture.
In 1939, she graduated from the College of Architecture in Rome at the age of 25, defending her project, the Center for the Protection of Mothers and Infants. After that, she moved to Milan to start working with the architect Carlo Pagani at the Bo e Pagani studio. Until 1943, Bo Bardi collaborated with architect and designer Gio Ponti in the magazine Lo Stile.
Lina opened her own architectural workshop in 1942, at the age of 28, but the lack of work in wartime soon forced Bardi to leave architecture and during the war she mostly wrote, not designed. The editorial skills that she acquired thanks to Ponti’s proved to be useful; Bardi started to create materials for design and architecture magazines, and also illustrated them with her own drawings.
Her office was destroyed in an aerial bombardment in 1943. From 1944 to 2005, Bardi was deputy director of Domus Magazine.
The bombing pushed her to a deeper participation in the Communist Party of Italy. In 1946, Bo Bardi moved to Rome and married art critic and journalist Pietro Maria Bardi. Since then, Achilina became Lina Bo Bardi.
In October 1946, Bardi and her husband went to South America. Because they participated in the Italian resistance movement, it was difficult for them to live in post-war Italy. Bardi quickly restored her production to Brazil, a country that had a profound influence on her creative thinking. She and her husband founded the influential art magazine Habitat.
In 1955, Bardi became a professor in the Department of Architecture and Urbanism at the University of Sao Paulo. In 1977, she designed the Pompeii factory. In addition to architecture, Bardi also created jewelry, costumes and scenery.
In 1986, the SESC Pompeia Cultural Center was completed in Sao Paulo, the design of which embodied the main features of Bo Bardis style. First of all, she insisted not to destroy the old factory building, but to update it and improve it.
In 1989, at the age of 74, Bo Bardi was awarded the first exhibition of her work at the University of Sao Paulo. Lina died in Casa de Vidro on March 20, 1992, but left behind projects for the new Town Hall of Sao Paulo and the cultural center for Vera Cruz.